Here is what to expect when you consider infertility checkup.
- A physical exam and answering questions about sexual history (for both partners). Sometimes this step alone can unleash the problem. However, most of the time, the doctor will need to do more tests.
- For men: the first thing that is tested is the semen. During this test, doctor will look at the number, shape, and movement of the sperm. Sometimes doctors also suggest testing the level of a man's hormones.
- For women: the first thing that is evaluated is if she is ovulating each month. In the medical office, this could be obtained via blood tests or an ultrasound of the ovaries. At home, you can find out if you're ovulating by:
- Writing down changes in the morning body temperature for several months
- Writing down how your cervical mucus looks for several months or
- Using a home ovulation test kit (available at drug or grocery stores)
Doctors can also check ovulation with blood tests. Or they can do .
- If ovulation is normal, the following are the most fertility common tests your doctor may consider taking:
- Hysterosalpingography - an X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes. To perform this test, doctors will inject a special dye into the uterus through the vagina. This dye shows up in the X-ray. Doctors can then watch to see if the dye moves freely through the uterus and fallopian tubes. This can help them find physical blocks that may be causing infertility. Blocks in the system can keep the egg from moving from the fallopian tube to the uterus. A block could also keep the sperm from reaching the egg.
- Laparoscopy - this is a minor surgery to see inside the abdomen during which the doctor makes a small cut in the lower abdomen and inserts the laparoscope to check the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus for disease and physical problems like scarring or endometriosis.
Just looking at this list, most likely you've realized already that finding the cause of infertility can be a long and emotional process, because it may take time to complete all the needed tests.
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